Bionic engineering is the application of biological methods and engineering systems found in nature to the study and design of modern technology. Bionics is not a science, but an inter-scientific discipline. The word Bionic was first mentioned in 1958 by Jack E. Smith. It was invented by Steele by combining biology and electronics. In the 1970s, the term became very popular with the release of movies and comics with people developed by electro-mechanical implants. So what is the widely used bionic technology?
What Is Bionic Technology?
According to supporters of bionic technology, technology should be a flow between life forms and manufactured objects, because the process of evolutionary development forces all beings to be better. Evolutionary calculations have been taken much further, considering Bionic ideas and considering well-optimized solutions that have never been seen in nature.
Bionic Technology: Uses
Examples of bionics in engineering include the hulls of boats that mimic the thick skin of dolphins; radar that mimics the thin frequencies that animals emit to communicate, medical ultrasound equipment, etc. In the field of Computer Science, Bionic studies such as artificial neurons and artificial neural networks are among the areas of use of bionic technology.
The study of bionic technology often emphasizes the application of a function found in nature rather than mimicking biological structures. For example, in Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, which attempts to model the feedback and control mechanisms inherent in intelligent behavior, tries to model the function of the mind regardless of the specific method that can be obtained.
What Is Bionic Technology?
Conscious copying of samples and mechanisms from natural organisms and ecologies is a kind of Applied reasoning in which nature treats itself as a database that already works and produces solutions.
Examples Of Bionic Technology
19. at the turn of the century, the horn-shaped, Sawtooth design for Lumberjack blades used to cut trees was modeled after observations of a wood-carving Beetle. This modeling revolutionized the industry because the blades worked much faster in cutting trees.
Cat eye reflectors were invented by Percy Shaw in 1935 after studying the mechanism of cat eyes. Shaw had found that cats had a system known as “tapetum lucidum” that had cells that could reflect even the smallest light.
Leonardo da Vinci's flying machines and ships are the first examples of engineering drawing in nature.
The “transformation of aircraft wings,” which changes their shape according to flight speed and duration, was conceived by scientists at Penn State University in 2004. The transformed wings were inspired by different species of birds, with wings shaped differently according to their speed of flight. To change the shape and underlying structure of aircraft wings, researchers needed to be able to change the top layer as well. So they made the designs by covering the wings with scales inspired by fish so that they could slide over each other.
What is bionic technology in medicine?
“What is bionic technology? the answer to the question " can also be expressed as the flow from biology to engineering and from engineering to biology. Thus, there are two different perspectives on the meaning of the word.
In medicine, Bionics means replacement, strengthening of organs or other body parts with mechanical versions. Bionic implants are separated from normal prostheses by mimicking or even surpassing the original function very closely.
While the technologies that make bionic implants possible are slowly developing, several successful bionic devices are available. One is the bionic ear, invented by Australia for deaf people. Since the bionic ear, many bionic devices have emerged, and work is also progressing on bionic solutions for other sensory disorders (e.g., vision and balance). Bionics research has recently also provided treatments for neurological and psychiatric conditions, for example, medical problems such as Parkinson's disease and epilepsy.
Over the course of eight years, Boahen, a professor in the Department of Bioengineering at the University of Pennsylvania, has developed a silicone retina that can function in the same way as a seeing retina. While the two retinas looked at the same image, he confirmed the results by comparing electrical signals generated by a salamander's eye with electrical signals from his Silicon retina.
According to the World Health Organization, more than 1 billion people live with some form of physical disability, and about 190 million adults experience a major functional difficulty. Orthopedic bionics are designed to physically restore engine functionality. Bionic limbs have long replaced standard prosthetic limbs. Despite significant innovations that have led to lighter devices and better designs, prosthetic limbs are no longer able to provide the necessary functional restoration that bionic devices do.
The bionic limb is connected and interfaced with the neuromuscular system for limb control (stretching, bending, and grasping) using the patient's brain. There is a similar functional pathway here: damaged nerves are bypassed, and a new electronic pathway connects the limb to the brain.
The advent of 3D printing and Computer-Aided Design is helping to create limbs that fit perfectly for the user and should become more convenient as time progresses.
While most of the new bionics seem to have been taken from science fiction movies, the researchers have also managed to create options that seem more realistic than ever. Prosthetics can now be created with anatomically correct shapes, reflecting the shape of the wearer, and can include details such as the correct skin color, freckles, birthmarks, hair, veins, tattoos, fingerprints and nails.
Although there are many companies that have recently developed bionic limbs, one of the most prominent companies is Open Bionics. Founded in 2014, Open Bionics is a UK-based company that develops low-cost bionic hands.
Announcing a partnership with Disney in 2015, the company began creating superhero-themed prosthetics for young amputees. This company, which has many awards, says: ‘at Open Bionics, we turn children with limb differences into bionic heroes and turn science fiction into reality.’’